Baked Bean Month
Cell Phone Courtesy Month
Culinary Arts Month
Hot Dog Month
Ice Cream Month
1770 - Lexell's Comet passed closer to the Earth than any other
comet in recorded history.
1819 - Johann Georg Tralles discoverd the Great Comet of 1819,
(C/1819 N1). It was the first comet analyzed using polarimetry, by
1874 - The Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the first commercially
successful typewriter, went on sale.
1881 - The world's first international telephone call was made between
St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States.
1898 - The Battle of San Juan Hill was fought in Santiago
de Cuba. (Spanish-American War)
1903 - The first Tour de France bicycle race began.
1908 - SOS was adopted as the international distress signal. Three
dits, three dahs, and three dits - SOS is the only nine-element signal
in Morse code.
1943 - Tokyo City merged with Tokyo Prefecture area and was dissolved.
Since this date, no city in Japan actually has the name "Tokyo"
- that is, present-day Tokyo is not officially a city.
1963 - ZIP codes were introduced for US mail.
1965 - Maurice Masse, a farmer, in Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France
said he was 'frozen' by aliens while investigating the strange noises
they were making.
1971 - The Post Office Department (17921971) became the United
States Postal Service
1972 - The first Gay Pride march in England took place.
1979 - Sony introduced the Walkman (in Japan).
1980 - O Canada officially became the national anthem of Canada.
1985 - A&E separated from sister channel Nickelodeon.
1984 - The PG-13 rating was introduced by the Motion Picture Association
of America (MPAA).
1985 - Nike-at-Nite began on Nickelodeon
1991 - Court TV, which later became truTV, began airing in the US.
2007 - Smoking in England was banned in all public indoor spaces.
2007 - The Concert for Diana was held at the new Wembley Stadium
in London and broadcast in 140 countries, on which would have been
her 46th birthday.
1698 - Thomas Savery patented the first steam engine.
1776 - The Continental Congress adopted a resolution severing ties
with the Kingdom of Great Britain, although the final wording of the
formal Declaration of Independence was not approved until July 4.
1839 - 53 African slaves took over the slave ship Amistad.
1890 - The US Congress passes the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.
1897 - Guglielmo Marconi obtained his patent for radio in London.
1900 - The first Zeppelin flight took place on Lake Constance near
1937 - Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan were last heard from
over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first equatorial
1962 - The first Wal-Mart store opened in Rogers, Arkansas.
1964 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the (Republican written)
Civil Rights Act of 1964 meant to prohibit segregation in public places.
2002 - Steve Fossett became the first person to fly solo around the
world (Australia to Australia ) nonstop in a balloon in just under
2005 - The Live 8 benefit concerts - more than 1,000 musicians performed
and were broadcast on 182 television networks and 2,000 radio networks.
1035 - William the Conqueror became the Duke of Normandy.
1819 - The Bank of Savings in New York City, an early savings bank
in the United States, opened. Many think it was the oldest, but the
Philadelphia Saving Fund Society (PSFS), was founded in December 4,
1816 and headquartered in Philadelphia, PA.
1852 - Congress established the United States' 2nd mint in San Francisco.
1884 - Dow Jones and Company published its first stock average. The
company was founded by three reporters: Charles Dow, Edward Jones,
and Charles Bergstresser.
1886 - The New-York Tribune becomes the first newspaper to use a
linotype machine, eliminating typesetting by hand.
1890 - Idaho joined the United States.
1952 - The Constitution of Puerto Rico was approved by the Congress
of the United States.
1969 - Rolling Stone member Brian Jones dies in an accidental drowning
1969 - Lulu the elephant went off script on live BBC television's
Blue Peter, making the first on-air animal "blooper"
we could find.
1971 - Doors frontman Jim Morrison died of an accidental drug overdose
1979 - President Jimmy Carter signed the first directive for secret
aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul, Afghanistan.
1985 - Back to the Future was released, featuring the now famous
1981 DeLorean DMC-12 time machine/automobile.
1988 - The USS Vincennes shot down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian
Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard.
2013 - President of Egypt Mohamed Morsi was overthrown by the Egyptian
4th of July, Christmas Day, Christmas Eve and New Year's Day are
the least common birth dates in US.
1054 - A supernova was seen for several months by Chinese, Arab
near the star Zeta Tauri - its remnants form the Crab Nebula.
1776 - The United States' Declaration of Independence was adopted
by the Second Continental Congress.
1782 - US President Calvin Coolidge, born July 4, 1872 in Plymouth,
Vermont January 5, 1933 in Northampton, Massachusetts.
1803 - The Louisiana Purchase was announced..
1826 - John Adams, second president of the United States, died the
same day as Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States,
on the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the United States'
Declaration of Independence. The two founding fathers did not get
along during their careers.
1827 - Slavery was abolished in New York State.
1855 - The first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems Leaves
of Grass was published.
1862 - Lewis Carroll told 10-year-old Alice Liddell a story that
was the basis for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, published in
1910 - African-American boxer Jack Johnson knocked out white boxer
Jim Jeffries in a heavyweight boxing match.
1911 - A heat wave occurred the northeastern United States, killing
380 people in eleven days
1939 - Lou Gehrig, gave his famous "The luckiest man on the face
of the earth" speech, and announced his retirement from major
1946 - The Philippines gained full independence from the United States.
1950 - Radio Free Europe was first broadcast.
1951 - William Shockley announces the invention of the junction transistor.
1961 - Soviet Submarine k-19 Nuclear Underwater Disaster
1966 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Freedom of Information
Act into United States law, effective in 1967.
1976 - The Clash performed publicly for the first time at The Black
Swan, in Sheffield, England.
1987 - Former Gestapo chief Klaus "Butcher of Lyon" Barbie
was convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment.
1997 - NASA's Pathfinder space probe landed on the surface of Mars.
2004 - The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower was laid on the World
Trade Center site in New York City.
2005 - The Deep Impact collider struck the comet Tempel 1.
2009 - The Statue of Liberty's crown reopened to the public after
eight years of closure due to security concerns following the September
2012 - The discovery of particles consistent with the "God Particle"
- Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider were announced at CERN.
2016 - The Juno probe arrived at Jupiter.
1687 - Isaac Newton published Mathematical Principles of Natural
Philosophy. (Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica)
1841 - Thomas Cook organized the first package excursion (planned
vacation tour), from Leicester to Loughborough.
1865 - William Booth and his wife Catherine establish the Christian
Mission, later known as the Salvation Army (1878).
1921 - Chicago White Sox players were accused of "throwing"
(lose intentionally) the World Series.
1935 - The National Labor Relations Act was signed into law
by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
1937 - Spam (the luncheon meat, not the internet junk) was introduced
into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
1946 - French designer Louis Reard introduced the Bikini in Paris.
1950 - The Knesset passed the Law of Return which grants all Jews
the right to immigrate to Israel.
1954 - The BBC broadcasted its first television news bulletin.
1971 - The Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution,
lowering the American voting age from 21 to 18 years, was formally
certified by President Richard Nixon.
1996 - Dolly the sheep was born - the first mammal cloned from an
adult cell (she actually had three monthers)
2012 - The Shard in London was inaugurated as the tallest building
in Europe, with a height of 1,020 ft.
1189 - Richard I "the Lionheart" acceded to the English
1348 - Pope Clement VI issued a papal bull (rule) protecting the Jews
accused of having caused the Black Death.
1415 - Jan Hus, an early church reformer, was condemned as a heretic
and then burned at the stake.
1483 - Richard III was crowned King of England. Although he died in
1485, his body was lost until 2013. Because of that, many people consider
him the greatest 'hide and seek' champion of all time.
1535 - Sir (& Catholic Saint) Thomas More was executed for treason
against King Henry VIII.
1854 - The first convention of the United States Republican Party
was held in Jackson, Michigan.
1865 - The first issue of The Nation magazine was published.
1885 - Louis Pasteur successfully tested his vaccine against rabies
on Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog.
1919 - The British dirigible R34 landed in New York, completing the
first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an airship.
1933 - The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game was played in
Chicago's Comiskey Park. The American League defeated the National
1942 - Anne Frank and her family went into hiding in the "Secret
Annexe" above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse.
1944 - The Hartford Circus Fire killed approximately 168 people
and injured over 700 in Hartford, Connecticut.
1946 - US President George W. Bush, born July 6, 1946 in New Haven,
1947 - The AK-47 assault rifle went into production in the Soviet
1957 - John Lennon and Paul McCartney met for the first time, as
teenagers at Woolton Fete, three years before forming the Beatles.
1456 - A retrial verdict acquitted Joan of Arc of heresy, authorized
by Pope Callixtus III, 25 years after her death.
1520 - Spanish conquistadores defeated a larger Aztec army at the
Battle of Otumba.
1898 - US President William McKinley signed the Newlands Resolution
annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States.
1907 - Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr. staged his first 'Ziegfeld Follies' on
the roof of the New York Theater in New York City.
1928 - Sliced bread was sold for the first time, by the Chillicothe
Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri.
1930 - The construction of the Hoover Dam began. It was completed/dedicated
on September 30, 1935
1946 - Mother Francesca S. Cabrini becomes the first American to be
canonized by the Catholic Church.
1946 - Howard Hughes crashed his XF-11 reconnaissance aircraft prototype
in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.
1947 - The Roswell Incident, a reported crash of an alien spaceship
near Roswell in New Mexico.
1954 - Elvis Presley made his radio debut when WHBQ Memphis played
his recording for Sun Records, "That's All Right."
1981 - US President Ronald Reagan (R) appointed Sandra Day O'Connor
to become the first female member of the Supreme Court of the United
2005 - A series of four explosions occurred on London's transportation
system killing 56 people including four suicide bombers and injuring
over 700 others.
2007 - The first Live Earth benefit concert was held in 11 locations
around the world.
2006 - Psych premiered on USA
2009 - Warehouse 13 premiered on Syfy
1776 - The Liberty Bell rang at Pennsylvania State House (now Independence
Hall) in Philadelphia, inviting citizens to the first public reading
of the Declaration of Independence.
1800 - Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse gave the smallpox vaccination to his
son, Daniel. It was performed in the US, using cowpox serum to prevent
1876 White supremacists killed five Black Republicans in Hamburg,
1889 - The first issue of The Wall Street Journal was published.
1932 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average reached its lowest level of
the Great Depression, closing at 41.22.
1947 - Newspapers begin reporting on a UFO crash in Roswell, NM that
had happened one day earlier.
1948 - The United States Air Force accepted its first female recruits
into a program called Women in the Air Force (WAF).
1991 - Shop Til' You Drop premiered on Lifetime
1992 - Melrose Place made its' debut on FOX as a follow-up
1994 - Kim Jong-il assumed supreme leadership of North Korea upon
the death of his father, Kim Il-sung.
1540 - King Henry VIII of England annulled the marriage to his fourth
wife, Anne of Cleves.
1595 - Johannes Kepler published Mysterium cosmographicum
(Mystery of the Cosmos)
1776 - George Washington ordered the Declaration of Independence
to be read out loud to members of the Continental Army in New York,
New York, for the first time.
1815 - The first developed natural gas well in the US was discovered,at
Burning Springs well near Charleston, West Virginia.
1868 - The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified,
insuring African Americans (ex-slaves born in the United States) full
citizenship and all persons in the United States due process of law.
1877 - The inaugural Wimbledon Tennis Championships began at the All
1922 - Future film 'Tarzan' star Johnny Weissmuller swam the 100 meters
freestyle in 58.6 seconds, breaking the world swimming record and
the 'minute barrier'.
1933 - Construction began on the Oakland Bay Bridge, California.
It was opened on May 29, 1937.
1937 - The silent film archives of Fox Film Corporation were destroyed
by the 1937 Fox vault fire.
1962 - Andy Warhol's Campbell's Soup Cans exhibition opened
at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles.
1979 - Launched in 1977, Voyager 2, passed by Jupiter.
1981 - Donkey Kong, a video game created by Nintendo, was released,
featuring the debut of Mario.
1553 - Lady Jane Grey began her 9 day reign on the throne of England.
1890 - Wyoming joined the United States.
1892 - The first concrete-paved street was built, on Court Avenue,
around the Logan County Court House, in Bellefountaine, Ohio.
1913 - Death Valley, California, hits 134 °F (57 °C), the
highest temperature recorded in the United States.
1921 - (Sunday) Bloody Sunday: Sixteen people were killed and 161
houses destroyed during rioting and gun battles in Belfast, Northern
1925 - In Dayton, Tennessee, the Monkey Trial began with John
T. Scopes, a high school science teacher accused of teaching the theory
of evolution in violation of the Butler Act. The law was repealed
on May 17, 1967.
1938 - Howard Hughes set a record by completing a 91-hour airplane
flight around the world.
1950 - Your Hit Parade debuted on NBC.
1962 - The patent (#3,043,625) was issued to Nils Bohlen, for the
three-point car seat-belt.
1962 - Telstar, the world's first communications satellite, was launched
into orbit. An instrumental pop tune by The Tornadoes titled after
the event reached #1 on the Billboard Pop Music Chart.
1966 - Ultraman debuted in Japan
1978 - World News Tonight premiered on ABC.
1991 - Boris Yeltsin took office as the first elected President of
1767 - US President John Quincy Adams, born July 11, 1767 in Quincy,
Massachusetts, died on February 23, 1848 in Washington, DC.
1796 - The United States took possession of Detroit from Great
Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.
1798 - The United States Marine Corps was re-established (they had
been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War).
1889 - Tijuana, Mexico, was founded.
1893 - The first cultured pearl was created under the direction
of Kokichi Mikimoto, in Japan.
1914 - Babe Ruth made his debut in Major League Baseball with the
Boston Red Sox.
1921 - Former President of the United States William Howard Taft
is sworn in as 10th Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court - the only
person ever to hold both offices.
1922 - The Daisy Dell reopened as The Hollywood Bowl.
1960 - To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee was published in
the United States.
1972 - The first game of the World Chess Championship 1972 between
challenger Bobby Fischer and defending champion Boris Spassky began.
1973 - Varig Flight 820 crashed near Paris, France on approach to
Orly Airport, killing 123 of the 134 on board. In response, the FAA
(The Federal Aviation Authority) banned smoking on flights.
1975 - Chinese archeologists announced the uncovering of a 3-acre
burial mound concealing 6000 clay statues of warriors. The "Terracotta
Army" and their regalia dating from 221 to 206 BC, near the ancient
capital of Xian.
1977 - Martin Luther King, Jr. was posthumously awarded the Presidential
Medal of Freedom.
1979 - America's first space station, Skylab, was destroyed as it
re-entered the Earth's atmosphere over the Indian Ocean.
1991 - The 'eclipse of the century ' solar eclipse cast a shadow
stretching 9,000 miles from Hawaii to South America, lasting nearly
seven minutes in some
2012 - Astronomers announced the discovery of Styx, the fifth moon
927 - Æthelstan, King of England, secured a pledge from Constantine
II of Scotland that the latter would not ally with Viking kings, beginning
the process of unifying Great Britain. This is considered by most
historians to the closest thing that England has to a foundation date.
1543 - King Henry VIII of England married his sixth (and last) wife,
Catherine Parr, at Hampton Court Palace.
1862 - The Medal of Honor was authorized by the United States Congress.
In 1990, Congress designated March 25 annually as "National Medal
of Honor Day."
1970 - The US patent (#105,338) for an improved process to produce
celluloid, the first sythetic plastic, was awarded to John Wesley
1894 - Eight units for the measurement of electrical magnitudes were
adopted in US law when President Grover Cleveland signed an Act of
Congress "to define and establish the units of electrical measure"
for the ohm, ampere, volt, coulomb, farad, joule, watt and the henry.
1920 - The Panama Canal was formally dedicated, although it had the
first ship pass through several years earlier.
1962 - The Rolling Stones performed their first concert, at the Marquee
Club in London, England, United Kingdom.
1997 - Oz premiered on HBO
2002 - Monk premiered on the USA Network
1787 - The Continental Congress enacted the Northwest Ordinance establishing
governing rules for the Northwest Territory. It also established procedures
for the admission of new states and limits the expansion of slavery.
1923 - The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California. It originally read "Hollywoodland
" but the four last letters are dropped after a renovation in
1951 - Arnold Schoenberg, famous 20th century composer, had triskaidekaphobia
(fear of the number 13), he died on July 13th 1951.
1977 - New York City Blackout of 1977
1985 - Live Aid was broadcast from both London and Philadelphia,
on MTV and in syndication
2002 - Fox News Channel became the #1 cable TV news service of the
US, beating long-time champ CNN
2013 - George Zimmerman was found not guilty in the shooting of Trayvon
1798 - The Sedition Act became law in the United States, making
it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious
statements about the United States government.
1853 - Opening of the first major US World's Fair - the Exhibition
of the Industry of All Nations in New York City.
1874 - The 'Little Chicago Fire' of 1874 burns down 47 acres of
the city, destroying 812 buildings, killing 20. The October 10,
1871 'Great Chicago Fire' was bigger.
1881 - Billy the Kid was shot and killed by frenemy Pat Garrett
outside Fort Sumner.
1911 - Harry Atwood, an exhibition pilot for the Wright Brothers,
landed his airplane at the South Lawn of the White House.
1913 - US President Gerald Ford, born July 14, 1913 in Omaha, Nebraska,
died on December 26, 2006 in Rancho Mirage, California.
1933 - Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties were outlawed
except the Nazi Party.
1933 - The Nazi eugenics plan began with the proclamation of the
Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring, which
called for the compulsory sterilization of any citizen who suffered
from alleged genetic disorders.
1960 - Jane Goodall arrived at the Gombe Stream Reserve in present-day
Tanzania to begin her famous study of chimpanzees in the wild.
1969 - The United States' $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills
were officially withdrawn from circulation.
1992 - 386BSD was released by Lynne and William Jolitz beginning
the Open Source Operating System Revolution. Linus Torvalds released
his Linux soon afterwards.
2000 - A powerful solar flare, later named the Bastille Day event,
caused a geomagnetic storm on Earth.
2008 - The Wendy Williams Show premiered, in syndication.
2015 - NASA's New Horizons probe performs the first flyby of Pluto,
completing the initial survey of the Solar System.
850 (Earthquake) Iran
1149 - The reconstructed Church of the Holy Sepulchre was consecrated
1799 - The Rosetta Stone was found in the Egyptian village
of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during
Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign.
1823 - A fire destroyed the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside
the Walls in Rome, Italy.
1834 - The Spanish Inquisition was officially disbanded after nearly
356 years. Several thousand people were actually executed over this
time, averaging about a dozen per year.
1838 - Ralph Waldo Emerson delivered the Divinity School Address at
Harvard Divinity School, discounting Biblical miracles and declaring
Jesus a great man, but not God. The Christian Community was not pleased.
1954 - First flight of the Boeing 367-80, prototype for both the Boeing
707 and C-135 series.
1955 - Eighteen Nobel laureates signed the Mainau Declaration against
nuclear weapons, later co-signed by thirty-four others.
1979 - US President Jimmy Carter gives his Malaise Speech,
where he characterizes the greatest threat to the country as "this
crisis in the growing doubt about the meaning of our own lives and
in the loss of a unity of purpose for our nation."
2003 - The Mozilla Foundation was established.
2006 - Twitter was launched. 140 characters could say a lot.
2007 - Rock of Love with Bret Michaels premiered on VH1
622 - The 354 day Islamic Calendar was established.
1661 - The first banknotes in Europe were issued by the Swedish bank
1769 - Father Junípero Serra founded California's first mission,
Mission San Diego de Alcalá, alter known as San Diego, California.
1790 - The District of Columbia was established as the capital of
the United States with the Residence Act.
1862 - David Farragut was promoted to rear admiral, becoming the first
officer in United States Navy to hold the rank.
1915 - The Boy Scout's First Order of the Arrow ceremony took place
and the Order of the Arrow was founded.
1935 - The world's first parking meter was installed in Oklahoma City,
Oklahoma. The first US patent for the device was filed by Roger W.
Babson, on August 30, 1928.
1941 - Joe DiMaggio hit safely for the 56th consecutive game, a MLB
record that still stands.
1945 - (Manhattan Project) The United States successfully detonated
a plutonium-based test nuclear weapon near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
1951 - The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger was published
for the first time, by Little, Brown and Company.
1965 - The Mont Blanc Tunnel linking France and Italy opened.
1969 - Apollo 11 was launched from the Kennedy Space Center at Cape
1994 - Comet ShoemakerLevy 9 collided with Jupiter, through
2004 - Millennium Park was opened to the public by Mayor Richard
1429 - Charles VII of France was crowned the King of France in the
Reims Cathedral after a successful campaign by Joan of Arc.
1856 - The Great Train Wreck of 1856 in Fort Washington, Pennsylvania,
injured over 100, and killed over 60 people.
1899 - NEC Corporation is organized as the first Japanese joint venture
with foreign capital. Today, NEC has structured its organization around
three principal segments: IT solutions, network solutions and electronic
1918 - Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his immediate family were murdered
by Bolshevik Chekists at the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg, Russia.
1838 - Douglas Corrigan took off from Brooklyn to fly the "wrong
way" to Ireland and becomes known as "Wrong Way" Corrigan.
1955 - Disneyland was dedicated and opened by Walt Disney in
1981 - A structural failure caused the collapse of a walkway at the
Hyatt Regency in Kansas City, Missouri killing 114 people and injuring
more than 200.
1984 - The national drinking age in the United States was changed
from 18 to 21.
1989 - First flight of the Northrop B-2 Spirit Stealth Bomber.
2014 - Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, a Boeing 777, was shot down near
the border of Ukraine and Russia. All 298 people on board are killed.
1870 - The First Vatican Council decreed the dogma of papal infallibility.
1925 - Adolf Hitler published Mein Kampf.
1968 - Intel was founded in Mountain View, California.
1969 - Off of Chappaquiddick Island, Senator Ted Kennedy from Massachusetts
drove an Oldsmobile off a bridge and his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne,
1976 - Nadia Comaneci became the first person in Olympic Games history
to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
2013 - The Government of Detroit filed for the largest municipal bankruptcy
in US history, with approximately $20B in debt.
64 - Great Fire of Rome occurred, destroying half of the city.
Contrary to rumors, Nero did not play the fiddle while it burned,
but he did blame "the Christians."
1553 - Lady Jane Grey was replaced by Mary I of England as Queen
of England after only nine days on the throne.
1799 - Indentified today, The Rosetta Stone, which was found July
19,1799, is now the most visited object in the British museum.
1845 - The last great fire (Great New York City Fire of 1845) to
hit Manhattan began early in the morning and was subdued that afternoon.
The fire killed 4 firefighters, 26 civilians, and destroyed 345 buildings.
1848 - A two-day Women's Rights Convention opened in Seneca Falls,
1952 - The Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XV
Olympiad, were opened in Helsinki, Finland.
1995 - Road Rules made its debut on MTV
1996 - Tales From The Crypt TV series came to an end
1903 - The Ford Motor Company shipped its first car.
1938 - The United States Department of Justice filed suit in New
York City against the motion picture industry charging violations
of the Sherman Antitrust Act in regards to the studio system.
1940 - California opened its first freeway, the Arroyo Seco Parkway.
1960 - The Polaris missile was successfully launched from a submarine,
the USS George Washington, for the first time.
1969 - In a live transmission from the Moon was viewed by 720 million
people around the world, with the landing of Apollo 11, at 10:56 p.m.
EDT, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin stepped onto the surface of the
Moon, live on international television.
1976 - The American Viking 1 spacecraft successfully landed on Mars.
1977 - The Central Intelligence Agency released documents under the
Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind control
1982 - The Provisional IRA detonated two bombs in Hyde Park and Regent's
Park in central London, killing eight soldiers, wounding forty-seven
people, and killing seven horses.
1997 - The fully restored USS Constitution (a.k.a. Old Ironsides)
celebrated its 200th birthday by setting sail again for the first
time in 116 years.
2005 - Criss Angel Mindfreak debuted on A&E.
2012 - James Holmes opened fire at a movie theater in Aurora, Colorado,
killing 12 and injuring 70 others.
2015 - The United States and Cuba resumed full diplomatic relations
after five decades.
356 BC - The Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders
of the World, was destroyed by arson.
1865 - In Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shot and killed
Davis Tutt, in what is considered as the first western showdown.
1873 - Near Adair, Iowa, Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang pulled
off the first successful train robbery in the 'American Old West.'
1902 - Willis Carrier showed his air conditioner concept in Buffalo,
1919 - The dirigible Wingfoot Air Express crashed into the
Illinois Trust and Savings Building in Chicago, killing 12 people.
1925 - In Dayton, Tennessee, high school biology teacher John T. Scopes
was found guilty of teaching evolution in class, and fined $100.
1949 - The United States Senate ratified the North Atlantic Treaty
1952 (Earthquake) California/Arizona/Nevada
1961 - Gus Grissom piloting, Liberty Bell 7, became the second American
to go into space.
1983 - The world's lowest temperature in an inhabited location was
recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica (-128.6 °F, -89.2 °C).
2011 - NASA's Space Shuttle program ends with the landing of Space
Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-135.
2012 - Erden Eruç completes the first solo human-powered circumnavigation
of the world, via several boats.
1587 - A second group of English settlers arrived on Roanoke Island
off North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
1796 - Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company named an area in
Ohio "Cleveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent
of the surveying party.
1933 - Wiley Post became the first person to fly solo around the
world, traveling 15,596 miles (25,099 km) in seven days, 18 hours
and 45 minutes.
1934 - In front of Chicago's Biograph Theater, "Public Enemy
No. 1" John Dillinger was shot and killed by FBI agents.
1962 - Mariner 1 spacecraft flew off course several minutes after
launch and had to be destroyed by remote control.
1991 - Jeffrey Dahmer was arrested in Milwaukee after police discovered
human remains in his apartment.
1996- The Daily Show premiered on Comedy Central
2011 - Norway was the location of twin terror attacks, the first being
a bomb blast which targeted government buildings in central Oslo(killing
8 and injuring 209), the second being a massacre at a youth camp on
the island of Utøya, killing 69 and injuring 110.
1829 - In the United States, William Austin Burt patented (#5581X)
the typographer, an early typewriter.
1926 - Fox Film bought the patents of the Movietone sound system,
for recording sound onto film.
1961 - The Sandinista National Liberation Front was founded in Nicaragua.
1962 - Telstar relayed the first publicly transmitted, live, trans-Atlantic
television program, featuring CBS's Walter Cronkite and NBC's Chet
Huntley in New York, and the BBC's Richard Dimbleby in Brussels.
1972 - The United States launched Landsat 1, the first Earth-resources
satellite. The spacecraft was turned off on January 6, 1978, due to
1984 - Vanessa Williams became the first Miss America to resign when
she surrendered her crown after (earlier) nude photos of her appeared
in Penthouse magazine.
1995 - Comet HaleBopp is discovered, and was visible to the
naked eye on Earth in 1996.
2012 - Earth had a near miss with a solar flare. Had it occurred
a week earlier, it could've wiped out communication networks, GPS
and electrical grids.
1567 - Mary, Queen of Scots, was forced to abdicate and replaced by
her 1-year-old son James VI, after the sudden death of one husband
and the quick marriage to another.
1823 - Slavery was abolished in Chile.
1847 - Brigham Young brought 148 Mormon pioneers into Salt Lake Valley,
establishing Salt Lake City.
1901 - Writer O. Henry (William Sydney Porter) was released from prison
in Columbus, Ohio after serving three years for embezzlement from
1915 - SS Eastland overturned on the Chicago River.
1935 - The Dust Bowl heat wave reached its peak, with temperatures
of 109°F (43°C) in Chicago, Illinois and 104°F (40°C)
in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
1950 - Cape Canaveral Air Force Station opened with the launch of
Bumper rocket 8. The first 7 Bumpers were launched from White Sands,
1974 - The United States Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President
Richard Nixon did not have the authority to withhold subpoenaed White
House tapes and they ordered him to surrender the tapes to the Watergate
special prosecutor, Archibald Cox.
2002 - Democrat James Traficant was expelled from the United States
House of Representatives on a vote of 420 to 1 (CA Representative
Gary Condit didn't vote against him).
306 - Constantine I (Constantine The Great) was proclaimed Roman emperor
by his troops.
1593 - Henry IV of France converted from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism.
1668 (Earthquake) China
1788 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completed his Symphony No. 40 in G
1861 - The United States Congress passed the Crittenden-Johnson Resolution,
stating that the war was being fought to preserve the Union and not
to end slavery.
1925 - Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS) was established.
1946 - Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis stage their first show as a comedy
team at Club 500 in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
1959 - The SR.N1 hovercraft crossed the English Channel from Calais,
France to Dover, England in just over two hours.
1965 - Bob Dylan played an electric guitar at the Newport Folk Festival,
surprising fans of folk and rock music.
1976 - Viking 1 took the now-famous Face on Mars photo.
1978 - Louise Brown, the world's first "test tube baby"
was born at Oldham General Hospital, Oldham, England.
1984 - Salyut 7 cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman
to perform a space walk.
2010 - WikiLeaks publishes classified documents about the War in Afghanistan,
one of the largest leaks in US military history.
1745 - "The greatest cricket match that was played in this part
of England was on Friday, the 26th of last month, on Gosden Common,
near Guildford, between eleven maids of Bramley and eleven maids of
Hambledon, all dressed in white. The Bramley maids had blue ribbons
and the Hambledon maids red ribbons on their heads. The Bramley girls
got 119 notches and the Hambledon girls 127. There was of bothe sexes
the greatest number that ever was seen on such an occasion. The girls
bowled, batted, ran and catches as well as most men could do in that
game." - news report on the first recorded women's Cricket Match.
1775 - Allowance for The United States Post Office Department was
established by the Second Continental Congress. It was called the
Post Office Department 17921971. United States Postal Service
was effective on July 1, 1971.
1788 - New York joined the United States.
1847 - Liberia disbanded from the support of American Colonization
Society, and formalized their settlement as the Republic of Liberia.
1887 - Dr. Esperanto's International Language, usually referred
to as Unua Libro (English: First Book) was published.
1908 - United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issued
an order to staff the Bureau of Investigation (BOI - later renamed
the Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI).
1941 - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the seizure of
all Japanese assets in the United States.
1946 - Aloha Airlines began service from Honolulu International
Airport. They closed on March 31, 2008.
1963 - Syncom 2, the world's first geosynchronous satellite, was
launched from Cape Canaveral. It was used to telecast the 1964 Summer
Olympics in Tokyo to the United States.
1971 - Launch of Apollo 15 on the first Apollo "J-Mission",
featuring the first use of a Lunar Roving Vehicle.
1990 - The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 was signed
into law by President George Bush.
2016 - Hillary Clinton became the first female nominee for President
of the United States by a major political party at the Democratic
National Convention in Philadelphia. #VictoriaWoodhull
1694 - A Royal charter was granted to the Bank of England.
1789 - The first US federal government agency, the Department of Foreign
Affairs, was established (later renamed the Department of State).
1866 - The first permanent transatlantic telegraph cable was successfully
completed, stretching from Valentia Island, Ireland, to Heart's Content,
1890 - Vincent van Gogh (probably) shot himself, and died from the
chest wound on July 29.
1929 - The Geneva Convention was signed at Geneva, Switzerland.
The full official name is the 'Convention Relative to the Treatment
of Prisoners of War, Geneva July 27, 1929.'
1940 - The animated short A Wild Hare is released, introducing the
character of Bugs Bunny. "What's up, Doc?" was the first
line the still-unnamed rabbit said to Elmer Fudd.
1981 - Adam Walsh, the 6-year-old son of John & Reve Walsh, was
kidnapped in Hollywood, Florida and is found murdered two weeks later.
1987 - RMS Titanic Inc. began the first expedited salvage of wreckage
of the RMS Titanic.
1996 - In Atlanta, United States, a pipe bomb explodes at Centennial
Olympic Park during the 1996 Summer Olympics. Security guard Richard
Jewell saved many people, although there were many injuries. Jewell
was also falsely accused on setting the bomb. He was exonerated and
Eric Robert Rudolph was later found to have been the bomber.
1999 - Tony Hawk landed the first '900' on a skateboard (two-and-a-half
complete revolutions) at the fifth annual X Games in San Francisco,
2007 - News helicopters from Phoenix, Arizona television stations
KNXV and KTVK collide over Steele Indian School Park in central Phoenix
while covering a police chase. Four people were killed.
1854 - The USS Constellation, the last all-sail warship built by the
United States Navy, was commissioned.
1868 - The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution was certified,
establishing African American citizenship and guaranteeing due process
1896 - The city of Miami, Florida was incorporated.
1945 - A US Army B-25 bomber crashed into the 79th floor of the Empire
State Building, killing 14 and injuring 26.
1973 - Nearly 600,000 people attended the Summer Jam at Watkins Glen
rock festival at the Watkins Glen International Raceway.
1976 (Earthquake) Tangshan, China
1996 - The remains of the prehistoric Kennewick Man were discovered
near Kennewick, Washington.
2000 - Kathie Lee Gifford left Live with Regis and Kathie Lee.
2002 Nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset
County, Pennsylvania, were rescued after 77 hours underground.
1148 - The Siege of Damascus ended with a crusader defeat and lead
end of the Second Crusade.
1836 - Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile (Arch
of Triumph of the Star) in Paris, France.
1914 - The 7 mile long Cape Cod Canal opened in Massachusetts.
1916 - Matheson Fire, Ontario
1921 - Adolf Hitler became the leader of the National Socialist German
1948 - After a hiatus of 12 years caused by World War II, the first
Summer Olympics to be held since the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin,
open in London.
1958 - US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics
and Space Act into law, which created the National Aeronautics and
Space Administration (NASA).
1976 - David Berkowitz (the "Son of Sam") killed one person
and seriously wounded another in the first of a series of attacks
in New York City.
1981 - A worldwide TV audience of over 700 million people watched
the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer at
St Paul's Cathedral in London.
1982 - Professional wrestler Jerry Lawler slapped actor Andy Kaufman
in the face on the program Late Night with David Letterman, a staged
event that prompted a several month 'war' between the two of them.
1987 - British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and President of
France François Mitterrand sign the agreement to build a tunnel
under the English Channel (Chunnel).
2005 - Astronomers announce their discovery of the dwarf planet, Eris.
762 - Baghdad was founded by caliph Al-Mansur.
1619 - In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative assembly in
the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time.
1729 - Founding of Baltimore, Maryland.
1733 - The first Masonic Grand Lodge in the future United States was
constituted in Massachusetts.
1866 - New Orleans, Louisiana's Democratic government ordered police
to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people
and injuring 150.
1871 - The Staten Island Ferry Westfield's boiler exploded, killing
over 85 people.
1930 - In Montevideo, Uruguay won the first FIFA World Cup.
1932 - Premiere of Walt Disney's Flowers and Trees, the first
cartoon short to use Technicolor and the first Academy Award-winning
1956 - A joint resolution of the US Congress was signed by President
Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing In God we trust as the US national
1962 - The Trans-Canada Highway, the largest national highway in the
world, officially opened.
1965 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Social Security Act
of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
1975 - Jimmy Hoffa disappeared from the parking lot of the Machus
Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
He was declared dead in July 30, 1982.
1990 - George Steinbrenner was forced by MLB Commissioner Fay Vincent
to resign as principal partner of New York Yankees for hiring Howie
Spira to "get dirt" on Dave Winfield.
2003 - In Mexico, the last Volkswagen Beetle rolled off the assembly
2006 - The world's longest running music show Top of the Pops is broadcast
for the last time. It had run since January 1, 1964.
781 - The oldest recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan.
1492 - Jews were expelled from Spain when the Alhambra Decree took
1790 - The first US patent (X000001) as issued, to inventor Samuel
Hopkins for a potash process.
1930 - The radio mystery program The Shadow aired for the first time.
1931 - New York television station W2XAB (now known as WCBS) began
1948 - Idlewild Field in New York, New York International Airport
(now John F. Kennedy International Airport) was dedicated.
1961 - At Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts, the first All-Star
Game tie in Major League Baseball history happened, after the game
was stopped in the ninth inning because of rain.
1995 - The Walt Disney Company announced their plans to purchase both
ABC and ESPN
2006 - Cuba's Fidel Castro handed over power to brother, Raul Castro.